If we wished to sum up the cultivation of lavender in a single word, then perhaps simplicity would be the most fitting attribute. Lavender is one of the most easily cultivatable and versatile medicinal and spice plant! Since it is perennial, we simply plant it and it blossoms faithfully for 10-15 years!
The care of lavender doesn’t require any special skills, if we don’t water it that is just fine (except under warmer climates). It doesn’t really need nutrient resupply or fertilizers either, except for the period immediately after planting. Until it has taken root well and it has started to develop we shouldn’t leave it completely alone. In other words it asks for little and still provides a lot: it is beautiful as well as beneficial, it is a really lovable plant.
Of course there is something that lavender loves, and that is sunshine, it can take any amount of that! It will reciprocate with intense growth and lots and lots of blossoms. Considering soil it develops best in limy soil, in which water drainage is quick, but it survives in other types of soil as well. It doesn’t even matter to it if the soil is stony or is on a steep slope – as long as it is on an open sunny area. We shouldn’t plant it in a shady area, because it will just suffer there.
There are no parasites that endanger lavender, or only few – what’s more, it even chases them away from its vicinity, this is the reason why it is worth pairing it with roses – fungal diseases can only be expected in moist, shady places.
Lavender, since it is a semi-woody shrub, requires pruning, with which we can stimulate its growth and shape it. We perform the pruning in the spring, this is when we cut off necrotic, perhaps frost-bitten parts, and we prune back the rest by about a third. In the autumn after the blossoming we shape it back to form one more time.
Photo: CC 2.0 license: Andrew Smith, geograph.org.uk - Richard Croft, geograph.org.uk - Werner100359, wikipedia